European Jewish Congress
The Jewish Community of Bulgaria
Organization of Jews in Bulgaria - Shalom
Latest news from the community
Bulgaria appoints national coordinator for fight against antisemitism
Bulgaria’s Cabinet has adopted the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance’s (IHRA) definition of antisemitism and has appointed Deputy Foreign Minister Georg Georgiev as national co-ordinator for the fight against antisemitism. This was announced after the Cabinet held its regular weekly meeting on Oct...
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The Jewish Community of Bulgaria

Demography

Nearly all the Jews are Sephardim and live in Sofia. As a result of emigration and assimilation, the elderly account for a disproportionately large share of the population.

History

Archeological findings indicate the presence of Jews as far back as the Roman period. Until the arrival of Jewish refugees from Spain at the end of the 15th century, the majority of Jews living in Bulgaria followed the Romaniot (Byzantine) prayer rite.

On the eve of the Shoah, some 50,000 Jews lived in the country. They were saved from deportation largely due to energetic intervention on the part of various elements in Bulgarian society, including the clergy, the liberal intelligentsia, and the king. The Jews of Bulgarian-occupied Thrace and Macedonia, however, were deported by the Bulgarians to German death camps. In the years immediately following the war, about 90% of Bulgarian Jewry emigrated to Israel.

Community

Bulgarian Jews are represented by the Shalom Organization, which is the successor to the Social and Cultural Organization of Jews in Bulgaria.

Culture and Education

At the request of the Shalom Organization, all Jewish children now attend the same public school, and Hebrew has been instituted as a part of the curriculum. There is also a Sunday school attended by 100 children. The community publishes a bulletin called Evreiski Vesti and an annual yearbook.

Religious Life

There are synagogues in Sofia and Plovdiv, but no resident rabbi. Services are conducted by lay people. No specifically kosher food is available, but wine and matzot are imported. The level of religious observance is low, and most Bulgarian Jews identify themselves in a national-ethnic, rather than religious, context.

Israel

Aliya : Since 1948, 42,716 Bulgarian Jews have emigrated to Israel, 38,000 of them in the period between July 1948 and May 1949.

Sites

The neo-Byzantine synagogue in Sofia, completed in 1878, is one of the largest Sephardi houses of worship in the world and one of the largest synagogues in Europe. Adjacent to the synagogue is a small museum dedicated to the history of the rescue of Bulgarian Jews during World War II.

Contact

The Organization of the Jews in Bulgaria "Shalom"

PRESIDENT: Dr. Alexander OSCAR, MD, PhD

Tel:+359 2 4006301

Email:alekoscar@shalom.bg

Website:www.shalom.bg

Facebook page: @ShalomBulgariaOrganization

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President's Page Security and Crisis Centre by EJC European Parliament Working Group On Antisemitism